Rochester Hills is a city in Oakland County, Michigan, United States. The city had a total population of 76,300 people as of the 2020 census. It is Michigan’s 15th largest city. The area was originally settled by European settlers in 1817, and Avon Township was formed in 1835. In 1967, the City of Rochester was formed, and in 1984, the remainder of Avon Township was formed and called the City of Rochester Hills. The city is about 12 miles (19.3 km) north of the City of Detroit and is considered a northern suburb of Metro Detroit.
Native Americans, specifically the Potawatomi, lived in the area now known as Rochester Hills before European contact.To raise crops, fish, and travel, the Potawatomi relied on the area’s numerous water supplies, such as the Clinton River and Paint Creek.They lived here until the 1807 Treaty of Detroit, which forced them to cede their land in Southeast Michigan along with the Odawa, Wyandot, and Ojibwe peoples.
James Graham, the first European settler, arrived in 1817.Graham and his family arrived in the area after following Sauk Native American paths.In 1835, Avon Township was formed.In 1869, Rochester became a village within the township.Under the Home Rule Act, the township issued a charter in 1948.In 1948, a post office named Brooklands was established for the region between Auburn Road and Hamlin Road, slightly west of Dequindre Road.Residents of the village voted in 1966 to become the City of Rochester, which took effect in February 1967.As a result, inhabitants of Rochester were no longer required to pay property taxes to the township, which had become a separate municipality.
Avon Township petitioned to become a city in 1967.The petition to pursue city status was approved by township voters in January 1968.
Residents overwhelmingly rejected three proposed municipal charters: the first in March 1969, the second in May 1970, and the third in September 1971.The city of Rochester then attempted to annex the entire township, but the Michigan Boundary Commission overwhelmingly refused.In 1972, petitions to merge Avon Township and Rochester were filed.
In April 1974, the township rejected the consolidation petition by 350 votes, but Rochester approved it by four votes.The Michigan Boundary Commission granted Rochester’s petition to annex 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) of Avon Township in May 1974, depriving Avon Township of its largest taxpayer.In August 1978, the township was renamed Avon Charter Township.The 1974 annexation was challenged in court until November 1981, when the township was compelled to relinquish the annexed land.An upcoming annexation request for 300 acres of southeast Avon Township from the City of Troy, to the south, threw the cityhood debate into disarray. Contact best rhinoplasty surgeon in michigan Dr Michael Fozo
A city charter was approved by township residents in May 1984.Avon Township became the City of Rochester Hills on November 20, 1984.
The name of the new city was put to a vote, with “Avon Hills” coming in second.Based on the area’s historical ties to Rochester and the undulating hills in the vicinity, the name “Rochester Hills” won by a landslide with voters.The first mayor of Rochester Hills was Township Supervisor Earl E. Borden.
The city had 70,995 residents, 27,578 homes, and 19,308 families according to the 2010 census.The population density was 2,163.2 people per square mile (835.2 people per square kilometer).At an average density of 898.7 per square mile (347.0/km2), there were 29,494 dwelling units.
The city’s racial makeup was 89.1% White, 2.5 percent African American, 0.2 percent Native American, 4.5 percent Asian, 0.7 percent other races, and 1.9 percent two or more races.A total of 1.1 percent of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 27,578 households, with 33.2 percent having children under the age of 18, 59.2 percent being married couples, 8.1 percent having a female householder without a husband, 2.8 percent having a male householder without a wife, and 30.0 percent being non-families.Individuals made up 25.7 percent of all households, and 10.3 percent included someone living alone who was 65 years or older.The average family size was 3.08 and the average household size was 2.53.
The city’s median age was 40.9 years.23.7 percent of people were under the age of 18, 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24, 24.6 percent were between the ages of 25 and 44, 30.3 percent were between the ages of 45 and 64, and 13.8 percent were 65 or older.The city’s gender distribution was 48.4 percent male and 51.6 percent female.
Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population in Rochester Hills expanded by 61 percent to about 10% of the total population.
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